SOGA1 and SOGA2/MTCL1 are CLASP-interacting proteins required for faithful chromosome segregation in human cells
Ferreira, L. T., Logarinho, E., Macedo, J. C., Maia, A. R. R., & Maiato, H.
CLASP1, CLASP2, SOGA, MTCL1, mitosis, kinetochore
CLASPs are key modulators of microtubule dynamics throughout the cell cycle. During mitosis, CLASPs independently associate with growing microtubule plus-ends and kinetochores and play essential roles in chromosome segregation. In a proteomic survey for human CLASP1-interacting proteins during mitosis, we have previously identified SOGA1 and SOGA2/MTCL1, whose mitotic roles remained uncharacterized. Here we performed an initial functional characterization of human SOGA1 and SOGA2/MTCL1 during mitosis. Using specific polyclonal antibodies raised against SOGA proteins, we confirmed their expression and reciprocal interaction with CLASP1 and CLASP2 during mitosis. In addition, we found that both SOGA1 and SOGA2/MTCL1 are phospho-regulated during mitosis by CDK1. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that SOGA2/MTCL1 co-localizes with mitotic spindle microtubules and spindle poles throughout mitosis and both SOGA proteins are enriched at the midbody during mitotic exit/cytokinesis. GFP-tagging of SOGA2/MTCL1 further revealed a microtubule-independent localization at kinetochores. Live-cell imaging after siRNA-mediated knockdown of SOGA1 and SOGA2/MTCL1 showed that they are independently required for distinct aspects of chromosome segregation. Thus, SOGA1 and SOGA2/MTCL1 are bona fide CLASP-interacting proteins during mitosis required for faithful chromosome segregation in human cells.