abberior dyes & labels
In Fluorescent Microscopy (pp. 253-270). Humana
Sample Preparation for Multicolor STED Microscopy
Alshafie, W., & Stroh, T.
Optical resolution, Immunocytochemistry, Organic fluorophores, Antibodies, Nanobodies, SSTR2A, TGN-38, Syntaxin-6
Stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy is one of the optical superresolution microscopy (SRM) techniques, more recently also referred to as nanoscopy, that have risen to popularity among biologists during the past decade. These techniques keep pushing the physical boundaries of optical resolution toward the molecular scale. Thereby, they enable biologists to image cellular and tissue structures at a level of almost molecular detail that was previously only achievable using electron microscopy. All the while, they retain the advantages of light microscopy, in particular with regards to sample preparation and flexibility of imaging. Commercially available SRM setups have become more and more available and also increasingly sophisticated, both in terms of optical performance and, importantly, ease of use. Institutional microscopy core facilities now offer widespread access to this type of systems. However, the field has grown so rapidly, and keeps growing, that biologists can be easily overwhelmed by the multitude of available techniques and approaches. From this vast array of SRM modalities, STED stands out in one respect: it is essentially an extension to an advanced confocal microscope. Most experienced users of confocal microscopy will find the transition to STED microscopy relatively easy as compared with some other SRM techniques. This also applies to STED sample preparation. Nonetheless, because resolution in STED microscopy does not only depend on the wavelength of the incident light and the numerical aperture of the objective, but crucially also on the square root of the intensity of the depletion laser and, in general, on the photochemical interaction of the fluorophore with the depletion laser, some additional considerations are necessary in STED sample preparation. Here we describe the single color staining of the somatostatin receptor subtype 2A (SSTR2A) and dual color staining of the trans-Golgi-network protein TGN 38 and the t-SNARE syntaxin-6 for STED in the endocrine cell line AtT20 and STED imaging of the samples, providing the protocols in as general a form as possible. The protocols in this chapter are used in this way in an institutional microscopy core facility.