abberior dyes & labels
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes
Giant plasma membrane vesicles to study plasma membrane structure and dynamics
Giant plasma membrane vesicles, Model membranes, Phase separation, Plasma membrane, Membrane domains, Lipid-protein interactions, Drug delivery, Lipidomics
The plasma membrane (PM) is a highly heterogenous structure intertwined with the cortical actin cytoskeleton and extracellular matrix. This complex architecture makes it difficult to study the processes taking place at the PM. Model membrane systems that are simple mimics of the PM overcome this bottleneck and allow us to study the biophysical principles underlying the processes at the PM. Among them, cell-derived giant plasma membrane vesicles (GPMVs) are considered the most physiologically relevant system, retaining the compositional complexity of the PM to a large extent. GPMVs have become a key tool in membrane research in the last few years. In this review, I will provide a brief overview of this system, summarize recent applications and discuss the limitations.