abberior dyes & labels
N-Cyanorhodamines: cell-permeant, photostable and bathochromically shifted analogues of fluoresceins
Lukas Heynck, Jessica Matthias, Mariano L. Bossi, Alexey N. Butkevich, Stefan W. Hell
Dyes, Fluorescent probes, STED, Cyanorhodamines
Fluorescein and its analogues have found only limited use in biological imaging because of the poor photostability and cell membrane impermeability of their O-unprotected forms. Herein, we report rationally designed N-cyanorhodamines as orange- to red-emitting, photostable and cell-permeant fluorescent labels negatively charged at physiological pH values and thus devoid of off-targeting artifacts often observed for cationic fluorophores. In combination with well-established fluorescent labels, self-labelling protein (HaloTag, SNAP-tag) ligands derived from N-cyanorhodamines permit up to four-colour confocal and super-resolution STED imaging in living cells.