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Control of NK cell tolerance in MHC class I-deficiency by regulated SHP-1 localization to the activating immune synapse
Schmied, L., Luu, T. T., Sondergaard, J. N., Meinke, S., Mohammad, D. K., Singh, S. B., ... & Hoglund, P.
Signaling via inhibitory KIR/Ly49 receptors preserves natural killer (NK) cell self-tolerance but also conveys NK cell reactivity towards MHC class-I low target cells in an education process. Here, we demonstrate that mouse NK cell education by H-2D d regulates transcription of several genes in Ly49A+ NK cells including Ptpn6 , encoding the phosphatase SHP-1. SHP-1 was highly expressed in uneducated NK cells, in which knock-out of Ptpn6 increased responsiveness. Following NKp46 triggering of uneducated NK cells, a higher synaptic abundance of phosphorylated SHP-1 was found relative to educated NK cells, concomitant with reduced phosphorylation of several signaling molecules, including PLC-g2, SLP-76, ZAP70/Syk and ERK1/2. SHP-1 overlapped extensively with F-actin and SLP-76 in the uneducated activating synapse of Ly49A+ NK cells, whereas a greater association between Ly49A and SHP-1 was observed in educated NK cells. Thus, our results indicate that in addition to transcriptional regulation, a distinct SHP-1 patterning in NK cell activating synapses can determine their tolerance.